Fair Hiring Toolkit \ Suppliers
5. Ensuring Good Practice in Human Resources Management
 

Tool 1:

Sample Strategies for Managing Risk and Promoting Good Practice in the On-Site Management of Migrant Workers

This Tool spells out some of the most common compliance violations that Verité sees in the on-site management of migrant workers. In some cases, these violations come about as a result of the outsourcing of management functions to labor recruiters. In other cases, the violations may stem from choices made by managers at the facility itself. Either way, there are clear steps that can be taken to mitigate the risk of such compliance violations, and to promote good practice in the management of migrant workers in company facilities. This Tool matches those good practices and management controls with the compliance risks that they help to address.

Sample Code of Conduct Provisions
RISKS GOOD PRACTICE TO MANAGE RISKS
  • Passports are withheld.
  • Workers are required to sign to additional terms, agreements, waivers.
  • Overcharging on documents processing fees.
  • There are procedures to record, track and document the post-arrival legal requirements for migrant workers.
  • There is a clear policy (communicated to labor recruiters) that prohibits the company or recruiters from holding original copies of workers’ passports.
  • There are means to verify recruiters’ compliance on recruitment fees and expenses paid by foreign contract workers:
    • Develop a non-reprisal policy;
    • Determine methodology (e.g., pre-departure verification, upon arrival);
    • Develop tools for verification (interview tools); and
    • Document all proceedings and supporting documents.
Post-Arrival Requirements & Documents Processing
RISKS GOOD PRACTICE TO MANAGE RISKS
  • Inconsistent messaging.
  • Training and communication may not be consistent with company policies and procedures.
  • Orientation and training are conducted by your Management Representative (not just by recruiters).
  • The orientation covers the following, at the minimum:
    • Company profile, policies & procedures;
    • Legal rights & other protections provided by the company’s & buyer’s codes of conduct;
    • Legal requirements;
    • Worker feedback & communication;
    • Discipline, termination and repatriation;
    • Dormitory regulations; and
    • Mechanisms for workers to report violations of company’s policies and ethical standards by company staff or recruiter.
  • There are clear procedures for workers’ on-the-job training.
  • There is objective evaluation of workers’ understanding of and training effectiveness.
  • There are standard, measurable, and objective indicators and tools for skills training evaluation.
  • All trainers speak the migrant workers’ native language.
Wages & Benefits
RISKS GOOD PRACTICE TO MANAGE RISKS
  • Underpayment, delayed payments.
  • Recruiters could have access to workers’ bank accounts resulting in:
    • Forced savings; or
    • Illegal deductions.
  • Workers could be uninformed or misinformed about wage rates and deductions.
  • No pay slips provided.
  • Workers are ill-informed about the terms or the full amount of the loans or deductions.
  • Workers are induced or encouraged to make loans at usurious interest rates.
  • Automatic deductions for loan payments are made against workers’ salary.
  • The facility or the recruiter provides loans which has unreasonable terms of payments, leading workers to work longer hours to earn and pay off loans.
  • The company’s wages and benefits comply with legal requirements and are consistent with terms and conditions in employment the contract.
  • There are policies on:
    • Limited access to workers bank accounts;
    • Prohibition of deposits and forced savings; and
    • Bonuses, allowances, and deductions.
  • Workers are only paid directly, at regular intervals, on-time, and in accordance with national law.
  • Clear and transparent information are provided about hours worked, wage rates and legal deductions, if the latter are made.
  • Wage deductions are appropriate and stay within legal limits. They are calculated with transparency and with worker knowledge and consent.
  • If wage advances and loans are provided to workers, the terms are such that these can be repaid within a reasonable amount of time, and workers make out of pocket loan payments themselves, and receipts are always provided.
  • The company or the recruiter (1) provides smaller loans that amount to no more than one to three months’ base wages, (2) charges very low or no interest on the loan, and (3) establishes short installment/financing periods.
Deposits
RISKS GOOD PRACTICE TO MANAGE RISKS
  • Workers could be required to lodge deposits before taking up employment, and during employment.
  • There is a policy prohibiting deposits of any kind when workers take up employment, or at any time during their employment.
Document Retention
RISKS GOOD PRACTICE TO MANAGE RISKS
  • Workers are required to surrender their passports and other key documents to the recruiter or employer.
  • Passports are taken without the workers’ full and informed consent.
  • Passports are taken from workers for safekeeping, and workers are made to sign a waiver indicating their consent.
  • Workers are required to post a bond, or pay a deposit in order to retrieve passports.
  • Workers are misinformed about their right to secure their own documents.
  • Workers are not provided means to secure their own documents.
  • There is a policy prohibiting the withholding of passports, or against requiring workers to surrender their passports to the company or to the recruiter for safekeeping and other purposes.
  • The company or the recruiter keeps the workers passports only upon the workers’ express consent.
  • Supplier conducts a post-arrival audit – to verify if workers’ passports are in the workers’ possession.
  • A management representative is present at the airport/terminal to meet new workers, to ensure that passports are not confiscated.
  • A periodic audit is conducted in the recruiters’ office premises, and in the workers’ dormitories to ensure that passports are not being withheld from workers, and that workers are provided means to secure their own travel and other personal documents.
Dormitory & Housing
RISKS GOOD PRACTICE TO MANAGE RISKS
  • Underpayment, delayed payments.
  • It is logistically difficult or impossible for workers to secure their housing accommodations themselves.
  • Recruiters or employers require workers to stay in recruiter-controlled or company-controlled housing facilities.
  • Curfews are implemented in the dormitories, and workers are unable to enter or leave the premises freely.
  • There are penalties for staying out, or for not returning to the dormitory or housing facility at a designated time. Gates are closed at designated times.
  • Security personnel are instructed to restrict workers from leaving or entering the dormitory or housing facility
  • There is a policy stating that workers are free to enter and leave their living quarters at all times.
  • The company does not require foreign workers to live in company-provided housing, unless required by law.
  • Workers are free to secure their own housing accommodations.
  • The company does not require or assign workers to live in dormitories or housing facilities that have unreasonable policies which curtail the workers’ freedom of movement.
  • Security personnel manning the dormitory gates are clearly instructed on their duties, their presence should not limit or impede the workers ability to enter or leave the premises.
  • Living quarters are kept safe, clean and hygienic, with adequate personal space and privacy.
  • Company-provided living quarters have working payphones available for the use of residents at any time. These phones ideally are placed in private locations, and workers are advised of several different easily accessible locations.
Worker Feedback & Communication
RISKS GOOD PRACTICE TO MANAGE RISKS
  • Workers have limited direct access to company.
  • The translators are not trained to handle workers’ grievances.
  • There is no immediate resolution and feedback.
  • Workers are afraid to report abuses by recruiters for fear of reprisals.
Humane Treatment
RISKS GOOD PRACTICE TO MANAGE RISKS
  • No due process.
  • Punitive deductions are used as a disciplinary measure.
  • There are penalties for early contract termination.
  • Develop clearly defined and standard rules and regulations, and clearly communicate to all workers, supervisors, managers, and recruiters.
  • Ensure the following in your disciplinary measures:
    • Progressive disciplinary actions (for example: verbal warning; written warning; suspension; termination);
    • Clearly indicated step-by-step implementation procedures for discipline and termination (reasonable notice);
    • An impartial, objective appeal procedures;
    • No punitive fines and deductions;
    • No physically abusive or humiliating discipline and termination practices.
  • Provide workers who are under investigation with a translator who is selected or vetted by the worker.
  • Train all managers and supervisors in positive management techniques.
  • Develop a system for recording, tracking and documenting discipline and termination procedures.